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Is Sunbathing Ever Safe?

2015-06-01 07:08:30

Is Sunbathing Ever Safe?

It feels good to lounge in the sunshine, but it can hurt your health in the long run. Over the years, too much time outdoors can put you at risk for wrinkles, age spots, scaly patches called actinic keratosis, and skin cancer.

 

A tan may look nice, but that golden color is due to an injury to the top layer of your skin.

When you soak up the sun's ultraviolet (UV) rays, it speeds up the aging of your skin and raises your risk of skin cancer. To prevent damage, use a "broad spectrum" sunscreen that is SPF 30 or higher.

 

There's no guesswork about whether you've got a sunburn. Your skin turns red, it feels hot to the touch, and you may have some mild pain.

It's called a first-degree burn when it affects only the outer layer of your skin. To get some relief from pain, take aspirin or ibuprofen. Try a cold compress, or apply some moisturizing cream or aloe.

 

A second-degree sunburn damages deep layers of your skin and nerve endings. It's usually more painful and takes longer to heal.

You may have redness and swelling. If blisters form, don't break them. They might get infected.

 

The sun's rays can make you look old. Ultraviolet light in daylight damages the fibers in your skin called elastin. When that happens, it begins to sag and stretch.

Too much sun causes some areas of your skin to appear darker, while others look lighter. It can also make permanent changes in small blood vessels, which gives you a reddish look in places.

You get these on areas of your body that are exposed to the sun. You'll notice them more in the summer, especially if you're fair-skinned or have light or red hair.

Freckles aren't bad for you. But some cancers in the earliest stages can look like one. See your doctor if the size, shape, or color of a spot changes, or if it itches or bleeds.

 

This shows up as tan or brown patches on your cheeks, nose, forehead, and chin. It's common among women who are pregnant, but men can get it too.

It may go away after your pregnancy ends, but you can also treat it with prescription creams and over-the-counter products.

Use sunscreen at all times if you have melasma, because daylight can make it worse.

 

These pesky brown or gray areas aren't really caused by aging, though more of them show up on your body as you get older. You get them from being out in the daylight. They often appear on your face, hands, and chest.

Bleaching creams, acid peels, Retin-A products, and light treatments can make them less obvious. They don't harm your health, but check with your doctor to make sure they're not something more serious, like skin cancer.

 

These red, brown, or skin-colored patches are small and scaly. You get them from being out in the daylight too much. They usually show up on your head, neck, or hands, but they can also appear on other parts of your body.

See your doctor, because if they're not treated they can sometimes turn into squamous cell carcinoma, a type of skin cancer.

 

This usually appears on the lower lip, and you may have scaly patches, dryness and cracking, or swelling.

The sharp border-line between your lip and skin may also disappear.

Get this checked by your doctor. It may turn into squamous cell carcinoma if it's not treated.

 

This type of skin cancer may show up as a firm red bump, a scaly growth that bleeds or gets a crust, or a sore that doesn't heal. It most often happens on your nose, forehead, ears, lower lip, hands, and other areas that get a lot of sun.

Squamous cell carcinoma can be cured if you get treated early.

 

This is a type of skin cancer that's on the surface of your skin. Your doctor may also call it squamous cell carcinoma "in situ."

Unlike "invasive" squamous cell carcinoma, Bowen disease doesn't spread to the inside of your body. It looks like scaly, reddish patches that may be crusted.

 

This is the most common form of skin cancer, and it's the easiest to treat.

Basal cell carcinoma spreads slowly. The tumors can take on many forms, including a pearly white or waxy bump, often with visible blood vessels, on the ears, neck, or face.

A tumor can also appear as a flat, scaly, flesh-colored or brown patch on your back or chest, or more rarely, a white, waxy scar.

 

It's not as common as other types of skin cancer, but it's the most serious. Possible signs include a change in the way a mole or colored area looks.

Melanoma can affect the skin only, or it may spread to organs and bones. It can be cured if you get early treatment.

 

This is a cloudy area in the lens of your eye. It's painless, but it may cause foggy vision, glare from light, and seeing double. You can help prevent cataracts by wearing a hat and sunglasses when you're in the sun.

The best way to avoid sunburn, wrinkles, skin cancer, and other damage is to stay out of the daylight, especially between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m, when the sun's rays are strongest.

If you need to be outside, use sunscreen, wear a hat and sunglasses, and cover up your skin with clothing.

If you see any changes to a mole or you spot a new growth or a sore that won't heal, see your doctor right way.

Posted in Health By Dr. Raj Grover

Grovemark Virgin Coconut Oil

2015-05-19 10:17:16

Grovemark Virgin Coconut oil

Fat-burning

Ironic, isn’t it? A saturated fat which can accelerate the loss of midsection fat (the most dangerous kind). Well, there are now two solid, human studies showing just two tablespoons a day (30 ml), in both men and women, is capable of reducing belly fat within 1-3 months.

 

Brain-Boosting

A now famous study, published in 2006 in the journal Neurobiology of Aging, showed that the administration of medium chain triglycerides (most plentifully found in coconut oil) in 20 subjects with Alzheimer’s disease or mild cognitive impairment, resulted in significant increases in ketone bodies (within only 90 minutes after treatment) associated with measurable cognitive improvement in those with less severe cognitive dysfunction.

 

Clearing Head Lice

When combined with anise spray, coconut oil was found to be superior to the insecticide permethrin (.43%).

 

Healing Wounds

Coconut has been used for wound healing since time immemorial. Three of the identified mechanisms behind these healing effects are its ability to accelerate re-epithelialization, improve antioxidant enzyme activity, and stimulate higher collagen cross-linking within the tissue being repaired.[iii] Coconut oil has even been shown to work synergistically with traditional treatments, such as silver sulphadizine, to speed burn wound recovery.

 

NSAID Alternative

Coconut oil has been demonstrated to have anti-inflammatory, analgesic and fever-reducing properties.

 

Anti-Ulcer Activity

Interestingly, coconut milk (which includes coconut oil components), has been shown to be as effective as the conventional drug sucralfate as an NSAID-associated anti-ulcer agent.

 

Anti-Fungal

In 2004, 52 isolates of Candida species were exposed to coconut oil. The most notorious form, Candida albicans, was found to have the highest susceptibility. Researchers remarked: “Coconut oil should be used in the treatment of fungal infections in view of emerging drug-resistant Candida species.”

 

Testosterone-Booster

Coconut oil was found to reduce oxidative stress in the testes of rats, resulting in significantly higher levels of testosterone.

 

Reducing Swollen Prostate

Coconut oil has been found to reduce testosterone-induced benign prostate growth in rats.

 

Improving Blood Lipids

Coconut oil consistently improves the LDL:HDL ratio in the blood of those who consume it. Given this effect, coconut oil can nolonger be dismissed for being ‘that saturated fat which clogs the arteries.’

 

Fat-Soluble Nutrient Absorption

Coconut oil was recently found to be superior to safflower oil in enhancing tomato carotenoid

absorption.

Bone Health

Coconut oil has been shown to reduce oxidative stress within the bone, which may prevent structural damage in osteoporotic bone. [Note: Osteoporosis is a Myth, as presently defined by the T-Score]

 

Sunscreen

Coconut oil has been shown to block out UV rays by 30%. Keep in mind that this is good, insofar as UVA rays are damaging to the skin, whereas UVB rays are highly beneficial (when exposure is moderate). Make sure to check this list of other sun-blocking oils.

 

Of course, when speaking about coconut oil, we are only looking at one part of the amazing coconut palm. Each component, including coconut hull fiber, coconut protein and coconut water has experimentally confirmed therapeutic applications.

Posted in Health By Dr. Raj Grover Grover

Are Your Beauty Products Hurting You

Pretty Poison or Harmless Cosmetic?

 

When you cover your blemishes, give yourself a sunless tan, or straighten your hair, chances are you use a product with a long list of ingredients. But are those ingredients safe? Headlines proclaiming the dangers of beauty products are often based on hype.

 

 

 

 

 

Concern: Keratin Strengtheners

 

Salon-based keratin hair treatments can deliver silky, smooth locks with no frizz. These treatments are often marketed as formaldehyde-free, but Oregon's OSHA found high concentrations of the chemical in more than half of samples. Long-term exposure to formaldehyde can cause cancer. Getting your hair straightened or "smoothed" once every few months will not put you over OSHA's exposure limits. But there could be a real risk to your stylist.

 

 

 

Option: Conditioner and Flat Iron

 

Conditioner can help you fight frizz by neutralizing the impact of static electricity. And while the results will only last until your next shampoo, a flat iron can get the kinks out of most naturally curly hair. Using a blow dryer is less effective than a flat iron for smoothing hair, but your stylist might show you a few good techniques, combined with safe hair products, to tame a frizzy look.

 

 

 

 

 

Concern: Permanent Hair Dye

 

Research connecting hair dye to cancer has had conflicting results. Some studies suggest that women are slightly more likely to get leukemia or lymphoma if they use permanent hair dyes, particularly darker colors. But other studies have found there is no increased risk. Most research looking at hair dye and breast cancer has found no link. There is also no evidence suggesting hair dye poses a threat during pregnancy, although some health care providers recommend waiting until the second trimester to be extra cautious.

 

 

 

Option: Plant-Based Hair Dyes

 

Plant-based hair dyes, including henna and vegetable dyes, can change hair colour without harsh chemicals. But there are some drawbacks. Most won't result in a dramatic colour change, and the results tend to fade sooner than with permanent dyes. A second option is to get highlights at a salon. A special cap or foil hair wrappers prevent the dye on your tresses from touching your scalp, so the chemicals aren't absorbed by your skin.

 

 

 

 

 

Concern: Crazy Contacts

 

Coloured or patterned lenses that don't correct your vision can help you change your look. But avoid any lenses that are sold without a prescription, often available at salons, costume shops, or online. Contact lenses require proper fitting, cleaning, and care, even for a short wearing. If you don't care for them properly, you run the risk of eye injuries or infections that can lead to vision loss.

 

 

 

Option: Rx Coloured Lenses

 

If you feel Mother Nature gave you the wrong eye colour, ask a licensed eye care professional about colored contact lenses. Even if you have sharp vision, you'll still need an eye exam. The doctor can write a prescription for you and show you how to take care of the lenses properly. Buy lenses from a prescription-only source. Follow the doctor's directions to avoid injuring your eyes.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Concern: Prescription Eyelash Serum

 

Latisse is a prescription drug that can temporarily give you long, flirty eyelashes. You daub the serum onto your upper lash line every day and wait about four months for results. You may love the lashes, but it's important to note a small risk of side effects, some permanent. The drug may darken the skin around your eyes or turn the coloured part of your eyes (the irises) brown.

 

 

 

Option: Eyelash Extensions

 

False eyelashes or eyelash extensions can give you that long-lashed look without a prescription drug. But that doesn't mean they're risk-free. The adhesives can irritate the eyelids or cause an allergic reaction. And beware of permanent eyelash tints that promise thicker-looking lashes. They have been linked to serious injury, including blindness. No permanent dyes are FDA-approved for use on the lashes.

 

 

 

Concern: Hydroquinone

 

Hydroquinone is a skin lightener that is available by prescription or in a less potent strength over the counter. Dermatologists often recommend it for reducing age spots or dark patches known as melasma. Overuse of hydroquinone can cause skin discoloration. Animal studies have also linked the chemical to cancer, though the risk to humans is unclear. Scientists are currently studying hydroquinone's safety.

 

 

 

 

 

Option: Laser Skin Resurfacing

 

Laser skin resurfacing uses a special type of laser to remove the top layer of skin. The procedure, which is done by a dermatologist, can minimize age spots and even out skin color without the long-term use of a chemical lightener. Drawbacks include the expense, pain, the downtime while your skin is healing, and a small risk of scarring or discoloration

 

 

 

Concern: Tanning Beds

 

No matter what you've heard about the safety of tanning salons, here's what the research says: frequent use of tanning beds raises your risk of melanoma, the most deadly form of skin cancer. In addition, tanning beds mainly emit UVA rays, which contribute to premature aging – wrinkles and brown spots. Even if tanned skin looks good to you, tanned skin is actually damaged skin.

 

 

 

 

 

Option: Sunless Tanning Products

 

It's easy to fake a tan. Sunless tanning lotions typically contain DHA, a colour additive that reacts with amino acids in the skin's surface to create a temporary "tan." DHA is FDA-approved for external application, but not for use in commercial spray tanning booths. These booths may cause you to inhale some of the spray or get it in your eyes. Be sure to use sunscreen even when you have a sunless tan. It does not protect your skin.

 

 

 

Concern: Nail Salon Hazards

 

Manicure products contain a wide range of chemicals, including formaldehyde, phthalates, acetone, or toluene. Their fumes may irritate the skin, eyes, nose, and respiratory tract. These reactions are more common in salon workers than in clients. Manicures and pedicures can also result in fungal or bacterial infections – particularly if equipment has not been sterilized properly.

 

 

 

 

 

Option: Minimize Risks

 

Before having a manicure or pedicure, inspect the salon's cleanliness. Leave if you doubt the quality of the salon's sanitation or disinfection practices. Don't shave your legs before a pedicure, and avoid the nail salon if your skin is cut, nicked, or broken. If you're a salon worker, ensure that your salon obeys laws designed to protect workers' safety.

 

 

 

Concern: Phthalates

 

Phthalates are chemicals used to make products more pliable. They're found in toys, food packaging, and some beauty products, including nail polish, shampoo, and soap. Two studies suggest phthalate exposure during pregnancy may lead to abnormal development in male infants, including low hormone levels and small genital size. But the FDA says there is not enough evidence to conclude that phthalates pose a health risk.

 

 

 

Option: Phthalate-Free Products

 

If you're concerned about phthalates, look for phthalate-free beauty products. You can check the ingredients for the term phthalate (dibutylphthalate, dimethylphthalate, diethylphthalate, etc.), butyl ester, or plasticizer. It's important to note that phthalates are also found in flooring, shower curtains, food packaging, and many other staples of modern life. But using phthalate-free cosmetics and skin-care products can reduce your overall exposure.

 

 

 

Concern: Parabens

 

Parabens are the most common preservative found in cosmetics, including makeup, moisturizers, and hair care products. One study found parabens in breast tumors, but did not indicate that parabens actually caused the cancer. Other researchers have concluded it is "implausible" that the amount of parabens in cosmetics could lead to cancer.

 

 

 

Option: Paraben-Free Cosmetics

 

If you're concerned about parabens, you can find paraben-free beauty products. Cosmetics tend to spoil without preservatives, but parabens aren't the only option. Some products use vitamin C (ascorbic acid) or vitamin E (tocopheryl acetate) as preservatives.

 

 

 

 

 

Does Makeup Expire?

 

If you're hanging onto your glittery disco-era eye shadow, toss it now. Preservatives in the makeup may break down over time, allowing bacteria to grow. Experts offer the following "use by" guidelines:

 

  • Foundation - one year
  • Blush/powder/shadow - two years
  • Lipstick - one year
  • Mascara - 3-4 months

 

Throw out eye makeup immediately if you have an eye infection.

 

 

 

Is Mineral Makeup Better?

 

Mineral makeup contains fewer irritating fillers and preservatives than regular cosmetics. But it can still contain allergens, so people with sensitive skin should look for products with as few ingredients as possible. Although mineral makeup often has built-in sunscreen, like titanium dioxide or zinc oxide, don't rely on this as your sole protection from the sun. It's best to use mineral makeup over your regular sunscreen

 

 

 

 

 

Sunscreen Safety

 

The ingredients in sunscreen have been used for many decades and are considered safe. The real danger is choosing a sunscreen that is too weak. To protect against both UVA and UVB rays, choose a product labeled "broad spectrum" and choose SPF 30 or higher to reduce the risk of skin cancer

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Posted in Health By Dr. Raj Grover Grover

Clear Skin

2015-05-01 07:44:10

Clear Skin: Step by Step

Blemishes or pimples often appear on your face, neck, chest, back, and shoulders, where skin has the greatest amount of oil glands. Few of us are immune to breakouts, but treatments can minimize outbreaks. For a clear complexion, view the slides ahead to see some surprising dos and don'ts.

Don't Over wash Your Face

Frequent and vigorous washing can irritate your skin and make acne worse. So can grainy scrubs or soaps with harsh chemicals. Instead, wash acne-prone areas twice daily with a mild cleanser and warm water to minimize irritation.

Do Go Oil-Free When You Wash

Oil-free soaps or washes won’t clog your pores or cause blackheads, acne, and whiteheads. Choose products that are labeled "oil free," "nonacnegenic," or "noncomedogenic." Apply the soap and wash with your fingertips. Washcloths, mesh sponges, or other products may be too abrasive and can irritate the skin and cause breakouts. Some washes for acne skin contain ingredients  recommended by dermatologists, such as benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid.

Don't Avoid Favourite Foods

It's a myth that oily foods or chocolate directly causes pimples. Acne occurs when pores are blocked by oils, skin cells, and normal bacteria, causing inflammation. But if certain foods seem to cause you to break out, try to avoid them. But you don't need to shun pizza or chocolate for clear skin.  

 

Don't Use Heavy Cosmetics

Avoid oil-based cosmetics. How can you tell? Follow this simple guideline: Creamy foundation or blush generally can clog pores. Mineral-based cosmetics, which are light and powdery, may be less likely to do so.

 

Do Use an Oil-Free Foundation

If you wear makeup, use an oil-free foundation. Also, no matter how tired you are, wash your makeup off before bed.  

Don't Sunbathe or Tan

It's a myth that tanning clears up your skin. It's a fact that UV rays put you at risk for skin cancer, premature aging, and wrinkles. Don't lie in the sun or use a tanning booth. Also, some commonly prescribed acne medications, including retinoids that go on your skin, can make you more sensitive to damage from UV rays.

 


Do Use Oil-Free Sunscreen

Wear an oil-free sunscreen or moisturizer with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 30 or higher that says "broad-spectrum" on the label, which means it protects against ultraviolet A (UVA) and ultraviolet B (UVB) rays. Look for products labeled "noncomedogenic," which means it won't clog your pores. Reapply every two hours.


Don't Use Greasy Hair Products

Using too much product such as pomades or gels can clog your pores when your hair brushes against your face. If you have oily hair, shampoo daily. Shield your face when applying any sprays or gels to your hair.

Do Keep Hair Off Your Face

Pull long hair back when you sleep so it doesn't aggravate your skin. Try to keep your hair away from your face during the day as well. Remember, hair contains oils that can block pores and cause breakouts, even if you don't use hair products.

 

Don't Touch Your Face

Avoid touching or rubbing your face since this can make acne worse. Also, don't lean your face on your hands and try to keep your cell phone from touching your face. Our hands and phones may carry oils and germs that can irritate blemishes. Sweat can also make acne worse. After sweating, gently wash your skin.


Do Apply Cream With Applicators

Use cotton balls, cotton swabs, or clean applicators when applying creams or makeup to your skin. Don't reuse an old makeup sponge; replace it. If you use your hands, clean them first and only use your fingertips. Also, clean your skin before you put on makeup.


Do Use Oil-Free Moisturizer

Healthy skin is moist. Choose an oil-free moisturizer that says "noncomedogenic" on the label. This means it won't clog your pores. You may hesitate to apply moisturizer to acne-prone skin, but a good moisturizer may help calm irritated skin and keep acne at bay.


Don't Pop Your Pimples

Squeezing pimples or blemishes just creates more problems. Resist the temptation. It will only delay healing and make scars more likely. Squeezing pimples may also push infected material into the skin, where it can cause additional inflammation and scarring.


Do Use Acne Medicine as Directed

There’s no quick fix for acne. Medicines don't work overnight. Many treatments take weeks of daily use before your skin improves. Some acne may take up to six months to clear up. Afterward, basic skin care -- bathing daily and washing your face and hands with mild soap -- may not be enough. You may need to keep using acne medicine even when your skin clears. Follow your doctor’s directions. Too much medicine can irritate skin, but too little is not effective.


Look Into All Acne Treatments

Don't just live with acne, blackheads, and blemishes. If your current treatments don't seem to be working, see your doctor or dermatologist to discuss other treatments. There are many types of medicines to help clear your skin. Some are available with a doctor's prescription.

Posted in Health By Dr. Raj Grover

Hair Secrets

2015-04-06 10:36:34

Boost Thin Hair with Silicone

Thin, lifeless hair is a common complaint, yet few women know the best remedy. Heavy conditioners will  just leave your hair limp. A better bet is to use products with silicone, such as dimethicone or cyclomethicone. These coat the strands with a thin film, creating fuller hair that doesn't look greasy. The silicone stays put even after you rinse.

 

Eat Fish and Nuts for Healthy Hair

The same nutritious foods that are good for your body promote stronger, healthier hair. Load up on salmon and nuts! Their protein and omega-3 fats help create a healthier scalp. Leafy vegetables, beans, and carrots are also good for your tresses. Beware of fad diets aimed at quick weight loss. They can starve your body of important nutrients, which can lead to brittle hair or hair loss.

 

Protect Shine with Lukewarm Water

Hot water can strip the protective oils that act as a natural conditioner. And your hair's natural shine can disappear. This doesn't mean you have to suffer through cold showers to avoid dull hair. Instead, use lukewarm water to wash your hair. Pamper the scalp by massaging it while you shampoo

Mend Split Ends with Protein

If you often style your hair with hot tools -- or you color, bleach, or perm a lot -- you can damage hair's protective outer layer. The result is "split ends." Thankfully, there are hair products to help mend the damage. Look for conditioners with protein. They sink into the hair shaft and repair split ends. The fix only lasts until the next shampoo, so you'll need to use them regularly.

 

Get That 'Redhead Bounce'

The fullness of your hair is in your genes -- and your styling technique. Natural redheads have thicker hair, while blondes have the thinnest but greatest number of hairs. Luckily, you can plump up the volume whatever its color. Use a leave-in conditioner or mousse and dry the root area first. Flip your hair upside down as you dry, for an extra volume boost. If your hair is very fine, use low heat with any hot tool.

 

Don't Treat Dandruff with Oils

Dandruff is not a type of dry skin at all -- despite the white flakes that float down to your shoulders. A minor skin disorder of the scalp is to blame. Rubbing oil into the scalp can just make it worse. Shampoos with medicine are the best fix -- from a drugstore or a dermatologist. Leave the shampoo on for 5 minutes to soak into your scalp. Be sure to rinse thoroughly.

 

Skip High-Powered Blow Dryers

You might expect a powerful blow dryer to slice a few precious minutes off your styling routine. But in a comparison of blow dryers, Consumer Reports found they all dried hair in about the same amount of time. Some are much noisier than others, though. The group found the more expensive dryers were the quietest, and the noisiest were as loud as a lawn mower.

 

Brush Less to Limit Hair Loss

Don't believe that myth about 100 brush strokes a day. Too much brushing will snap off hairs. Some hair loss is normal – most people lose 50 to 100 hairs every day. These have stopped growing and have reached a resting stage. To keep from losing any more hair than normal, use a brush with ball-tipped bristles. And never brush wet hair; use a comb instead.

 

Take Care with Tightly Wound Hair

Ponytails and braids are great ways to showcase your personal style. But when they're too tight, they can break off hair and damage the roots. Wearing a tight style around the clock can even make your hair fall out. Set your hair free every night! For braided styles meant to last months, leave hair a little loose at the scalp. If you wear heavy extensions, give your hair a break after three months.

 

Don't Let Brands Clean Your Wallet

What are you really getting for extra money spent on specialty products? Consumer Reports tested products on 1,700 ponytail samples and found that pricy shampoos were no better than cheaper ones. What should you buy? Choose shampoos and conditioners designed for your hair type, such as those for oily, fine, or color-treated hair.

 

Use Gentle Colour to Cover Grays

Hair doesn't just change colour as we get older – it also becomes weaker and grows more slowly. That means damaged hair won't be snipped off as quickly by haircuts. Chemicals used on "mature" hair should be weaker to avoid damage.

 

Calm Frizz in Winter, Too

Humidity gets the rap for causing frizzy hair days. But there's more static electricity when the air is dry. This means frizz also flies in winter months and in the desert climates of the Southwest. Use conditioner to stop static electricity. Shampoos that are pH-balanced also can calm the frizz for hair that's colored or relaxed with chemicals.

 

Keep Brushes Away From Your Curls

Curly hair is more likely to break and become dry and brittle. Gently using a pick keeps curls looking better than combing or brushing. Conditioners with polymers can smooth hair and make it more manageable. Look for polyvinylpyrrolidone on the label. Don't overdo the use of flat-irons and relaxers, which can damage hair.

 

Avoid Extreme Colour Changes

Perhaps you're a brunette who always wanted to be a blonde, or a blonde who wants to go darker. Be aware that you're risking damage to your hair with more extreme colour changes. Some dermatologists recommend staying within three shades of your natural colour.

 

Give the Blow Dryer a Rest

Frequent blow-drying is hard on your hair and can actually lead to hair loss. When you do blow dry, turn down the heat. Finer hair is especially sensitive to damage from heat, but even thick manes need some tender care. Protect your hair before styling by using a conditioner or a heat styling product.

 

Protect Hair from the Sun

The sun is no kinder to your hair than it is to your skin. Sun exposure can dry out hair, especially if it's color-treated. Use a light hair spray with SPF protection -- or wear a hat when the sun is strongest. Frequent summer trims can keep your ends looking healthy.

 

Shower Before You Swim

Avoid chlorine damage by rinsing your hair before entering the pool or wearing a swim cap. If your hair is already saturated with water, it won't absorb as much from the chemical-laden pool. Use a pH-balancing hair product to further protect your hair.

 

Take a Time Out from Styling

For better hair days, the best thing you can do is -- nothing. All the tugging, combing, brushing, drying, and chemically treating of hair damages the shafts. Even vigorous towel-drying can damage hair. Gently blot wet hair with a towel. If you have damaged hair, take a break from styling. As the damaged hair grows out, the new growth will be healthy.

 

Be Aware of Changes in Your Hair

Sudden changes in your hair, such as brittle hair or losing much more hair than usual can in rare cases be a sign of a health problem. Some medicines can cause hair loss, too. If you notice dramatic changes in your hair, see a dermatologist.

Posted in Health By Dr. Raj Grover Grover

See What Skin Cancer Looks Like

2014-12-05 04:35:56

Skin Cancers

Skin cancers -- including melanoma, basal cell carcinoma, and squamous cell carcinoma -- often start as changes to your skin. They can be new growths or precancerous lesions -- changes that are not cancer but could become cancer over time. An estimated 40% to 50% of fair-skinned people who live to be 65 will develop at least one skin cancer. Learn to spot the early warning signs. Skin cancer can be cured if it's found and treated early.

 

These small, scaly patches are caused by too much sun, and commonly occur on the head, neck, or hands, but can be found elsewhere. They can be an early warning sign of skin cancer, but it’s hard to tell whether a particular patch will continue to change over time and become cancerous. Most do not, but doctors recommend early treatment to prevent the development of squamous cell skin cancer.  Fair-skinned, blond, or red-haired people with blue or green eyes are most at risk.

 

Related to actinic keratosis, actinic cheilitis is a precancerous condition that usually appears on the lower lips. Scaly patches or persistent roughness of the lips may be present. Less common symptoms include swelling of the lip, loss of the sharp border between the lip and skin, and prominent lip lines. Actinic cheilitis may evolve into invasive squamous cell carcinoma if not treated.

 

The cutaneous horn appears as a funnel-shaped growth that extends from a red base on the skin. It is composed of compacted keratin (the same protein in nails). It is a specialized type of actininc keratosis. The size and shape of the growth can vary considerably, but most are a few millimeters in length. Squamous cell carcinoma can be found at the base. It usually occurs in fair-skinned elderly adults with a history of significant sun exposure.

 

A mole (nevus) is a benign growth of melanocytes, cells that gives skin its color. Although very few moles become cancer, abnormal or atypical moles can develop into melanoma over time. "Normal" moles can appear flat or raised or may begin flat and become raised over time. The surface is typically smooth. Moles that may have changed into skin cancer are often irregularly shaped, contain many colors, and are larger than the size of a pencil eraser. Most moles develop in youth or young adulthood. It's unusual to acquire a mole in the adult years.

 

 

Atypical moles are not cancer, but they can become cancer. They can be found in sun-exposed or sun-protected areas of the body. Atypical moles may be larger (one-quarter inch across or larger) and more irregular in shape, with notched or fading borders. They may be flat or raised or the surface smooth or rough. They are typically of mixed color, including pink, red, tan, and brown.

 

Most moles on a person's body look similar to one another. A mole or freckle that looks different from the others or that has any characteristics of the ABCDEs of melanoma should be checked by a dermatologist. It could be cancerous. The ABCDEs are important characteristics to consider when examining your moles or other skin growths, so learn them in the slides to come.

 

Asymmetry means one half of a mole does not match the other half. Normal moles are symmetrical. When checking your moles or freckles, draw an imaginary line through the middle and compare the two halves. If they do not look the same on both sides, have it checked by a dermatologist.

 

f the border or edges of the mole are ragged, blurred, or irregular, have it checked by a dermatologist. Melanoma lesions often have uneven borders.

 

A mole that does not have the same color throughout or that has shades of tan, brown, black, blue, white, or red is suspicious. Normal moles are usually a single shade of color. A mole of many shades or that has lightened or darkened should be checked by a doctor.

 

A mole is suspicious if the diameter is larger than the eraser of a pencil.

 

A mole that is evolving – shrinking, growing larger, changing color, begins to itch or bleed – should be checked. If a portion of the mole appears newly elevated, or raised from the skin, have it looked at by a doctor. Melanoma lesions often grow in size or change in height rapidly. 

 

Examine your skin on a regular basis. A common location for melanoma in men is on the back, and in women, the lower leg. But check your entire body for moles or suspicious spots once a month. Start at your head and work your way down. Check the "hidden" areas: between fingers and toes, the groin, soles of the feet, the backs of the knees. Check your scalp and neck for moles. Use a handheld mirror or ask a family member to help you look at these areas. Be especially suspicious of a new mole. Take a photo of moles and date it to help you monitor them for change. Pay special attention to moles if you're a teen, pregnant, or going through menopause, times when your hormones may be surging.

 

If you find a mole or spot that has any ABCDE's of melanoma -- or one that's tender, itching, oozing, scaly, doesn't heal or has redness or swelling beyond the mole -- see a doctor. Your doctor may want to remove a tissue sample from the mole and biopsy it. If found to be cancerous, the entire mole and a rim of normal skin around it will be removed and the wound stitched closed. Additional treatment may be needed.

 

Malignant melanoma, especially in the later stages, is serious and treatment is difficult. Early diagnosis and treatment can increase the survival rate. Nonmelanoma skin cancers include basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. Both are common and are almost always cured when found early and treated. People who've had skin cancer once are at risk for getting it again; they should get a checkup at least once a year.

 

Melanoma is not as common as other types of skin cancer, but it's the most serious and potentially deadly. Possible signs of melanoma include a change in the appearance of a mole or pigmented area. Consult a doctor if a mole changes in size, shape, or color, has irregular edges, is more than one color, is asymmetrical, or itches, oozes, or bleeds.

 

This nonmelanoma skin cancer may appear as a firm red nodule, a scaly growth that bleeds or develops a crust, or a sore that doesn't heal. It most often occurs on the nose, forehead, ears, lower lip, hands, and other sun-exposed areas of the body. Squamous cell carcinoma is curable if caught and treated early. If the skin cancer becomes more advanced, treatment will depend on the stage of cancer.

 

Bowen disease is also called squamous cell carcinoma "in situ." It is a type of skin cancer that spreads outward on the surface of the skin. By contrast, "invasive" squamous cell carcinomas can grow inward and spread to the interior of the body. Bowen disease looks like scaly, reddish patches that may be crusted; it may be mistaken for rashes, eczema, fungus, or psoriasis.

 

Basal cell carcinoma is the most common and easiest-to-treat skin cancer. Because basal cell carcinoma spreads slowly, it occurs mostly in adults. Basal cell tumors can take on many forms, including a pearly white or waxy bump, often with visible blood vessels, on the ears, neck, or face. Tumors can also appear as a flat, scaly, flesh-colored or brown patch on the back or chest, or more rarely, a white, waxy scar.

 

Uncommon types of skin cancer include Kaposi's sarcoma, mainly seen in people with weakened immune systems; sebaceous gland carcinoma, an aggressive cancer originating in the oil glands in the skin; and Merkel cell carcinoma, which is usually found on sun-exposed areas on the head, neck, arms, and legs but often spreads to other parts of the body.

 

Sun exposure is the biggest cause of skin cancer. But it doesn't explain skin cancers that develop on skin not ordinarily exposed to sunlight. Exposure to environmental hazards, radiation treatment, and even heredity may play a role. Although anyone can get skin cancer, the risk is greatest for people who have:

  • Fair skin or light-colored eyes

 

Limit your exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays, especially between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m., when the sun's rays are strongest. While outdoors, liberally apply a broad spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher (don't forget the lips and ears!), wear a hat and sunglasses, and cover up with clothing. And remember, if you notice changes to your skin such as a new growth, a mole changing appearance, or a sore that won't heal, see a doctor right way.

Posted in Health By Dr. Raj Grover

How to Get Perfect Brows

2014-11-22 05:36:34

How to Get Perfect Brows

Craving a movie star's eyebrows? The perfect brow size and shape for your face depends on your own features. If your brow were divided into thirds, the thick end should start at the bridge of your nose. The arch should be around the middle. The thin end should go just past the corner of your eye.

 

Get Thicker Brows

Fill in sparse brows with a powder, pencil, or gel. Go two shades lighter than your hair color if you’re brunette, two shades darker if you have pale blonde or silver hair. When in doubt, taupe works on almost everyone. Use tiny strokes over your arches and blend with a brow brush to remove extra color. 

 

Skip the Stencils

The perfect brow is based on your unique bone structure. Using a stencil to draw on your brows may seem like it takes the guesswork out of shaping. But you may not like the results. A stenciled brow that's just a little bit off can make you look angry, surprised, older, or even lopsided.  No thanks! Better to work with your natural brow shape

 

Make Brows Match Your Hair

If you make a dramatic hair color change, your brows should change, too. You’ll want to see a professional colorist. Don't dye your brows at home, even if you have a really steady hand. Need a quick fix? Blend mascara or concealer into your brows to instantly go darker or lighter.

 

Get The Natural Look

Actress Camilla Belle proves you don't need whip-thin, sculpted brows to look modern. To get yours as lush as possible, don't pluck a single hair for three months. Then have them shaped professionally or pluck only the most obvious strays yourself. Use a brow filler for better definition.

 

Use the Right Tweezers

Rounded tip or pointy? Experts like a pointed, slanted tip, especially if you haven't plucked before. You can hold that shape easily and grab longer hairs. For those short, stubborn hairs, turn the tweezer at an angle and pull from the pointed edge.

 

Can You Pluck The Tops?

It's OK as long as you focus on the peach fuzz there and on your temples. Most of the real shaping should happen underneath to lift the brow up. Pluck too much off the top and you could get flat brows that make you look scowly.

 

When to Put the Tweezers Down

If you see a teeny little dot of hair growing under the skin, resist the urge to pull it. You don’t want to break the skin and risk a scar. Wait a day and that little hair probably will poke through the surface, ready to be plucked. In the meantime, if it bothers you, cover it with concealer.

 

Let a Pro Guide You

If you aren't sure about your own brow judgment, a salon specialist can find the best shape for your face. Snap a few photos for reference at home. To keep your new look fresh, lightly pluck new hair growth once a week. For best results, make another appointment four to six weeks later.

 

Open Your Eyes

Curled lashes make you look wide-eyed. Do it before you put on mascara. Use firm pressure but don't clamp down too hard. You don't want to pinch your skin, crease your lashes, or pull them out. You may get better results from curling in stages, moving out from the lash roots to the tips. A corner lash curler can get to hard-to-reach outer ones.

 

Brush Up on Your Mascara

Your mascara matters for making lashes look fuller or longer. The brush matters, too! Rubber bristles coat even the tiniest lashes from root to tip, adding length. Plastic bristles give you a clean, natural-looking lash line. Fiber bristles build lash thickness and boost the fringe. If you like your mascara but want a new look, try using a different brush. You can buy them at beauty stores.

 

Smooth Moves to Prevent Clumping

You don't want eyes that look like scary spiders! Dip the brush in the tube and wipe it on a paper towel (not a tissue) to get rid of extra mascara. Another trick: Twirl a clean, disposable mascara wand through wet lashes. For easy, no-scrub cleanup, loosen the mascara with a warm, damp washcloth. Press it against your closed eyes. Next, dip a cotton pad into a makeup remover for sensitive eyes. Wipe the pad downward on your lashes a few times.

Don't Flake Out

By the end of the day, do you get flecks of mascara on your cheeks? Look for a "tubing" mascara. Tubing formulas tend not to flake because they encase lashes. When you remove the mascara with warm water, it slides off as complete tubes. Expert tip: Set your regular mascara with a tubing kind

 

Fabulous Fakes

False lashes equal pure Hollywood glamour, but they can be tricky to master. They come in full strips and individual lashes. Hold the lash with a pair of tweezers while you put a dot of glue on your upper eyelid. Let the glue thicken, and then use the tweezers to guide the lash to your lid. If you have dark skin, try a dark-tone glue made for brown or black lashes.

 

Lash Extensions: Pros and Cons

Short on patience -- or time? Lash extensions can give you a long, full, lush fringe for two to three weeks. The catch is you can't wear mascara. (You might not want to anyway.) And you will probably have to keep them completely dry. So get a pair of swim goggles to wear while you shower or wash your hair. No kidding

 

Posted in Health By Dr. Raj Grover

Tips for taking care of your skin

2014-11-22 05:33:27

How Water Benefits Your Skin

Drinking water is one of the best things you can do to keep your skin in shape. It keeps your skin moist -- and that makes fine lines and wrinkles less noticeable. It also helps your cells take in nutrients and get rid of toxins. And it helps with blood flow, keeping your skin glowing. The common advice is to drink 8 glasses of water a day, but you may not need exactly that many. The water in fruits, veggies, juice, and milk counts toward your total.

 

 

Selenium for Your Skin

This mineral may help protect your skin from cells that gather free radicals. Free radicals cause signs of aging like wrinkles and dry skin, tissue damage, and probably some diseases. Selenium may also help prevent skin cancer. You can get it from Brazil nuts, button mushrooms, shrimp, lamb, and fish like snapper, cod, halibut, tuna, and salmon. Cooked beef, light turkey, oysters, sardines, crab, and whole-wheat pasta also have selenium.

 

Antioxidants for Healthy Cells

Antioxidants are important to slowing and preventing free-radical damage. You can find them in all kinds of foods, especially colorful fruits and vegetables like berries, tomatoes, apricots, beets, squash, spinach, sweet potatoes, tangerines, peppers, and beans.

 

Fight Free Radicals with CoQ10

Your body makes a key antioxidant called Coenzyme Q10. But as you get older, you make less of it. It's involved in making energy and helping your cells work. You can find CoQ10 in fish like salmon and tuna, poultry, organ meats like liver, and whole grains.  If you use a skin product that has CoQ10, it may help soften wrinkles and other signs of aging

 

Vitamin A for Skin Repair

Nobody wants dry, flaky skin. So grab an orange, carrot, or slice of cantaloupe. They're loaded with vitamin A. You can also find it in leafy greens, eggs, and low-fat dairy foods. When you use a skin product with vitamin A, your wrinkles and brown spots may look better. Those products, called retinoids, are common prescription treatments for acne and other skin conditions.

 

 

Vitamin C: Power Over the Sun

The sun can be tough on your skin. Vitamin C can help protect you. It also helps undo sun damage to collagen and elastin, which firm up your skin. Get vitamin C from red bell peppers, citrus fruits, papayas, kiwis, broccoli, greens, and brussels sprouts

 

Vitamin E: Booster of Skin Health

Another antioxidant that may help save your skin from sun damage and inflammation is vitamin E. Get it from vegetable oils, nuts, seeds, olives, spinach, asparagus, olives, and leafy greens.

 

Get Some Healthy Fats

Omega-3s and omega-6s are good fats that help make your skin's natural oil barrier, keeping away dryness and blemishes. Essential fatty acids like these help leave your skin smoother and younger-looking. You can get them from olive and canola oils, flaxseeds, walnuts, and cold-water fish like salmon, sardines, and mackerel

Good Oils for Great Skin

Some oils have more than essential fatty acids. Good-quality ones like extra-virgin olive oil and cold- or expeller-pressed oil are more simply processed than many other kinds. They may have more nutrients that are good for your skin. These oils may also help lube up your skin and keep it looking and feeling healthy

 

Antioxidant Powerhouse in a Cup

Green tea may be the closest thing to a magic potion that you can find for your skin. It helps stop inflammation, helps slow DNA damage, and can even help prevent the sun from burning your skin. You can find green tea in lots of cosmetics, but why not go straight to the source: Drink it!

 

Posted in Health By Dr. Raj Grover

Loneliness - Cause of  Illness

A study indicates that feeling lonely may be bad for a person’s immune system. Looked at whether loneliness created the kind of chronic stress that can affect the immune system. Compared with people whose test scores showed they were less lonely, people whose scores showed they felt very lonely had more antibodies indicating that they were fighting a common and generally harmless herpes virus called cytomegalovirus. “People who felt very lonely had greater herpes virus reactivation than people who felt less lonely.”

 

Posted in Health By Dr. Raj Grover

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Grovemark Methods

Grovemark is in natural cosmetics business from 1992 and since its inception it is a reflection of customer requirements. With an objective to become one roof solution for all beauty and cosmetic problems, Grovemark provides a wide range of beauty cosmetics strictly prepared with natural ingredients having no ill-effects whatsoever. Grovemark ensures, always, that the consumer gets his value for money and this forms the most prominent reason behind Grovemark’s successful establishment in domestic market and increasing impact in other countries. Founded in 1992, it has the distinction of being the first cosmetic company in India to introduce sunscreens with SPF’s (Sun Protection Factor), and to adopt Green Technology.